Although for this assignment I will not be able to travel to other countries and photograph conservation issues and solutions, the core cause of the decline in biodiversity and loss of habitats and land remain the same whether this be on a global or local scale.
The major causes of the decline in biodiversity are changes in land use, pollution, changes in atmospheric CO² levels, the introduction of exotic species, acid rain and changes in the nitrogen cycle. All of these changes coincide with human population growth and our development. The population is predicted to reach 10 billion by the mid 21st century, which means there will be an increase pressure on food supplies meaning more forests and undeveloped land will have to be copped down and turned into agricultural land and food processing factories will have to be built.
The increased pressure on the environment will also be seen as cities grow and start to sprawl into land on the rural to urban fringe in order to accommodate the increase in population and the number of industries. By clearing land in order to build these sites habitats are being destroyed and therefore so are ecosystems. This is reducing the biodiversity of the UK dramatically so much so that some species such as the Cosnard Beetle and hedgehogs are becoming endangered due to deforestation and building developments which are being built in their habitats.
Above is a screenshot I took from Google maps of how the city of Lincoln is spreading out into the surrounding country side. Living in Lincolnshire my whole life I am used to seeing field upon field for miles with little sign of human development however this birds eye view really highlighted to me how close the city really is to these areas of farm land and untouched/natural land and the concept of the ever approaching city and signs of human development interest me.
I’m interested in finding out what has been put in place across large and small conservation sites in order to protect species and land from human development and also in particular where these sites have been located in relation to the city and within Lincolnshire. Is there a specific species which is only located in one area and needs protecting?
Therefore the next step I am going to take in this assignment is to find specific areas where these projects happening whether this be a government/council funded scheme, small business or individually funded scheme.